Legal and Policy Barriers for Biodiversity Conservation Within Oil Palm Plantations

Oil palm is one Indonesia’s prime products that generates foreign exchange, labour, and regional economic development. The oil palm industry is also a unique resource that generates income at community level. The industry allows central and local government to receive taxes, retribution, and export tax from palm oil products and its derivatives. Indonesia targets a continuous oil palm expansion to retain its role and domination as the largest palm oil producer in the world. The oil palm plantations are mostly expanded in non-forest area and forest areas through forest conversion mechanism. Those forest conversions have significantly decreased the diversity and foraging behavior of wildlife and influence food chain.

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